10 Steps for Doing Short Term Missions Trips Well

May 31, 2017

Short term missions trip to Uganda

With summer missions trip season upon us, I decided to repost a very popular blog about short term missions.

Needless to say, there has been a ton of debate around the topic of how to do short term missions trips well, and it’s a sensitive issue. I’ve read countless articles and heated debates on blogs, both lauding and criticizing short term missions/volunteer trips. There is everything out there from,

It’s a total waste of resources that could be better spent, to “It changed my life,” to “It’s self serving ” to “Where will my funding come from if I don’t let the teams come?”

Having been on both ends of the spectrum as a short term volunteer bumbling along, carefully squirting hand sanitizer every five minutes and then eventually living six years full-time in Uganda hosting teams, I think I can offer a little perspective.

There is a widening disconnect between what churches and teams think are necessary or helpful, and what actually provides long term sustainable impact for missionaries and nations.

Hosting teams can be an incredible amount of work and can be draining for missionaries and organizations on the ground. (We all have our horror stories of a group descending on our town like tourists.)

I also have equally positive stories of being truly encouraged by certain individuals and small teams I hosted who genuinely poured into my husband and me in times of need, and made lasting connections.

So where does that leave me? On the fence, I guess. I actually wrote about this tension in a blog on my first six month trip to Africa in 2006.

Now that I am in the States for this season, I am more interested in influencing how we can do missions healthily and with integrity. Both short term and long term.

Firstly, I have to be honest and say that I think the major reason most missionaries invite or allow short term teams to come over is not just to see your shiny faces, but because we secretly hope this will give your church or organization more ownership in what they are doing, that you will “buy in,” so to speak, and continue to support our ministry financially.

We think it will give us a stamp of approval to remain on the missions budget. (A bonus would to be to get a long-term volunteer out of the deal)

But that’s what it boils down to:

We need money and long term people. Missionaries and ministries need money to operate and they rely upon the generous donors in America and the rest of the developed world to provide it. We don’t always need teams. It should be up to the locals to carefully pray about and determine if they need a team at that particular time.

So a lot of time, and probably money, could be saved if we could have more open and honest conversations about what will truly help us and help our nation.

Maybe Skype calls, maybe 1-2 leaders from a church travel over to visit the project to scout out and encourage.

Ok, so let’s assume, you still want to do a short term missions trip. I’ll define “short term trip” to be anything between 1 week to 3 months, although most church trips are typically 7-10 days. Think about this:

In his book Toxic Charity, Robert Lupton writes,

“Contrary to popular belief, most missions trips and service projects do not: empower those being served, engender healthy cross-cultural relationships, improve quality of life, relieve poverty, change the lives of participants [or] increase support for long-term missions work. By definition, short term missions have only a short time in which to “show profit”, to achieve pre-defined goals. This can accentuate our American idols of speed, quantification, compartmentalization, money, achievement, and success. Projects become more important than people. The wells dug. Fifty people converted. Got to give the church back home a good report. Got to prove the time and expense was well worth it. Individual drive becomes more important than respect for elders, for old courtesies, for taking time.”

Wow! What’s crazier is that through personal experience, I’ve found this all to be true. The only thing my experience dictates otherwise, is that a short term trip (mine was more like 6 months rather than 2 weeks) can lead to long term service, which in my case it did.

So if you are going to do/lead a short term missions trip or hosting teams. Here are some ways to do a short term missions trip well:

1.  Pour into the missionary, not “the children.”

The most effective form of short-term ministry is to pour into the local missionaries and their national staff, and local leaders rather than beneficiaries. (Yep, that might mean good-bye VBS with kids climbing all over you and braiding your hair.) Especially with children’s homes or orphanages ask what is appropriate. Some places have rules in place because they want to protect their children from attachment and abandonment issues that having short term visitors can bring.

You may not be able to impact those kids on a day to day, but you can impact the missionary or national staff who will get to. That means you probably don’t need a team of 15 people, but rather a smaller, more intentional team.

Teaching, training, and encouragement can go a long way.

Most missionaries are having a tough time feeling like they are always failing because they live in a constant state where people are pulling on them with tons of needs.

They probably already feel pretty horrible and they don’t need you to make them feel worse or like they aren’t measuring up. They have lots of good ideas that rarely ever turn out as planned. They spend countless hours in uncomfortable situations loving on prostitutes in brothels or waiting in long lines at the hospital to get their locals medical care. They might be recovering from physical illness or be burned out because of the toll long term stress and trauma can take on the body. They have self-doubt and self-loathing. Their marriage might be going through a tough time because of all the stress and fatigue.

You don’t live there under those extreme conditions, so you might not get it, but be a SAFE PLACE for them to air things out without judgment or reproach.

Offer grace and encouragement that they are doing a good job and help them to see when they might want to take a break. Maybe bring them some funny TV shows, or Breaking Bad, or some good books, or downloaded sermons, or some chocolate. (They could probably use a chocolate bar.)

Remember you are bringing hope.

Develop a connection that will remain long after you leave. You might be the lifeline of support they need and you might learn a lot from them in the process.

2. Seek to serve, not self-glory

Don’t think about all the cool stories or photos you want to bring back so you can show people what you’ve done. These missionaries are the people who have a heart for this nation and have sacrificed everything to be there every day loving people and doing the hard stuff.

When you roll in and hand out a bunch of soccer balls and candy to kids, it undermines the bridges of trust built through partnering and instead sends the message of easy “Aid” and spreads dependency.

It makes it much harder on them when you leave when they wonder why this friend who has been staying with them over years never “gives them stuff.” If you have gifts, only bring what they’ve asked and let them hand them out at a time they deem appropriate.

Here are some ideas of things that might be helpful, but you should specifically ask your organization or missionary what their needs are.

It’s better to fit into something they are already doing than create a new routine or program. Don’t let the team set the precedent. 

It’s not sexy, but I promise these will be a thousand times more helpful than building a house they could have gotten locals to build better:

  • Be a friend (offer counseling, support, encouragement to local staff; help them recharge)
  • Pray and prophecy over them—bring fellowship to them because they miss that
  • Offer counseling, Theophostic prayer, or Sozo (if qualified)
  • Offer them a retreat, a date night, or a babysitter. Do their nails, or bring stuff over for them from America like food supplies and vitamins
  • Offer to pray over their national staff’s homes or make them dinner
  • Be willing to help around the office with admin/tech issues
  • Home maintenance or clean their house
  • Handle something so they can have some self-care time
  • Host a teaching conference (women’s conference) something of lasting value (pay for it)-give away the training you’ve received at bethel-most don’t have access to these resources and materials
  • Train staff in Vocational Education -something they can reuse or train their beneficiaries
  • Listen to their guidance and don’t suggest programs they haven’t suggested—ask what their needs are and where you can best serve
  • Don’t judge them, they know they have holes—rather encourage them and see where you can volunteer to fill holes

3.  Test your motives

Let God purify the motives of your heart. Is it for approval?

For man’s celebratory pat on the back?  Is it because if you show you are some kind of savior you can prove your worth to the world and yourself?

Is it so you can have some cute African kids on your Facebook feed and show how unique you are?

Ask God to reveal to you why He wants you to go. Remember that good intentions are not enough.

What if you recognize and accept that if you are going, it might be more about what you will receive and how you will be changed by it, than it will be actually impactful to the people you are going to serve?

If you decide to go on a short term missions trip then have an intention to commit to that place or people group for a period of time. Go to places where you can see yourself living long-term or visiting frequently. One off trips are not that helpful.

4.  Have a specific, needed skill to offer

(nunchuck skills are not real skills)

The worst thing for the missionaries and for you, is for you to end up feeling useless.

Before you plan a trip, really have an open conversation with the missionary/organization about what their actual needs are, (not ones they made up to keep you occupied) but the holes they truly need filled. Really press in and ask them to be truly honest, even if that means you don’t go. If you can’t find people to fill those specific needs then perhaps rethink the timing or intention of your trip.

Here are some helpful skills on the mission field:

  • Nursing
  • Counseling (Marriage & Family or Trauma)
  • Parenting skills
  • Marriage reconciliation/conflict resolution
  • Technology/Computer/website genius
  • Book keeping/Data entry
  • Vocational (seamstress, T-shirt printing, jewelry designer, carpentry, crocheting, baking)
  • Grant writing
  • Graphic Design
  • Photography/Videography

 Ask yourself, what will your sustainable impact be? Focus on things that will outlast you. 

5.  Be a learner & be relational

You’re not going to save the world in the 4.5 days you have on the ground, nor should you try.

You’re probably not going to come up with some genius solution to an incredibly complex problem like poverty. Don’t go with answers, but searching for answers and recognize there might not be any simple ones.

Learning a country takes time. Learn the context. Trust the locals’ perspective. Go not as a leader but as a learner.

Crusades are great (kinda) but without long term follow through on the ground, I’m not sure how valuable they are. We’re not here to make converts, we’re here to make disciples. People will often raise their hands to “get saved” simply because you’re a white guy. Sorry, it’s true. 

Preaching, prophesying, praying for the sick, and encouraging are all wonderful gifts to give if your local contact feels it’s appropriate. (I’ve often found this to be of the most encouragement)

Be relational and be an encourager. Being relational means you’re sharing some of your true stuff too, your weaknesses and struggles. Be authentic.

You don’t need to have all the answers. You might just sit and listen to someone’s story. That also involves being vulnerable. 

This is messy, challenging, work, but if you look close enough you just might find some grace and hope trickling through the resilience of the people.

6.  Ask about cultural and social norms before you go and respect them

Just because you are a Westerner doesn’t mean you’re superior and can solve all their problems. Try to understand the why behind how the culture is versus judging it. Wear the long skirt. Eat the strange food. Learn a few words of their local language. Build relationships by not offending people. Follow the rules of your hosts even if you don’t understand them.

Don’t look down on them as “less educated” or not as knowledgeable if they don’t carry your same degree or accolades.

Remember the missionaries and locals are experts on their own nation. Please respect the national staff and follow their recommendations.

7.  Be flexible and put your ego aside for a week

It’s going to be tough to travel to the developing world. Most things will not go according to schedule or plan, and you huffing and puffing around like Darth Vader, isn’t going to change anything.

Most other cultures move a lot slower than America and they are not on your time-table. Your organization you came to serve has probably been running around for the previous weeks just trying to get your accommodation and transportation sorted in a land where time might be a fluid thing, so give them a break.

Your agenda may not happen.

See what God’s agenda is. You might not hold lots of babies, or save a girl out of the Red light district. You might not have running water or electricity or regular meals. You might have to stand in church for four hours praying for people and sweating and wishing you’d brought a bottle of water. These things happen. Anything can be endured for a short time, so buck up, and try not to complain. Or worse, try not to take over.

You’re not in charge this time, whether you’re a pastor or the Pope himself, you should follow the lead of your point person on the ground.

So take a breather, if you need to. Get some personal time, go for a walk, or do some yoga, but try not to make extra demands on the ministry because you are outside of your comfort zone.

8. Be generous with your time, your talents, and your patience

(but not your mini-Ipod)

Ok, so this is one of my pet peeves. The issue of imbalances of power due to wealth are serious. In very little time you can create unhealthy patterns of dependency or even resentment. You can do more harm to the local ministry than good. This ranges from the White Savior complex who places everyone else as a victim to be rescued, to the belittling of leaders in developing nations, to the over indulgence of resources without accountability, to the handing out of mini-ipods, cash, out of guilt and the desire to feel good about one’s self.

You should not give money to anyone other than the organization or missionary you have built a trusted relationship with who has an accountability system in place. That means, you do not direct where those funds go, but trust them to attribute the funds to the areas of most need. If you do not have a trusted relationship with accountability, then do not give money, period.

I’ve seen well meaning people destroy locals with handouts. I’ve also seen good hearted Westerners get taken for a ride, only to lose a lot of money on an “orphanage” that was never built.

Dependency is defined as “Anything you regularly do for someone that they can do for themselves.” That is unhealthy and detrimental to relationships of equality.

Build authentic relationships that seek to minimize imbalances of power through mutual learning, understanding, and trust. 

9.  Be compassionate, and kind, but don’t be led by needs. Be led by the Holy Spirit.

It is not your responsibility or the missionary’s responsibility to meet all the needs of every single person. They have a vision and a focus for a reason.

Jesus didn’t meet every need and we shouldn’t try to either. You also shouldn’t expect the organization you are visiting to be able to fulfill every need of their beneficiaries. Effective ministries have clear focus and they stick to it.

Your emotions will be stirred up, but during your time, try to decipher between your heart strings and God’s actual voice and be obedient. When in doubt, check with your team leader to see what is appropriate and use wisdom.

Don’t tell a kid you’re going to “sponsor” them. Don’t make promises you can’t keep and don’t put the missionary in the position to pick up your mess.

That’s not what you are there for. The reality is, that in a few months you will go back to your normal life and most likely forget about the promises you made, or the people you met, while that missionary will still be there day in and day out with them. Make sure you run everything through them.

Remember that success is not defined by numbers, or even outcomes, but by whether or not you’ve been obedient to what Father asked you to do. 

10. Follow through

Ideally, you would have a plan in place before you go of how your impact will help the missionary/organization long term.

Most people don’t. So think about how you can make this trip actually change your life, not for five minutes, but for a lifetime.

Also spend time discussing with the missionary while you are there things that would be helpful for you to do once you return.

The biggest impact you might have may very well be after you leave when you can be an advocate for their cause.

Some ideas:

  • Fundraise for them (Run a 5k and give them the profits; Shave your head)
  • Film and edit an artistic video or photo collage they can use in support raising
  • Speak with your church/friends about them – begin an intentional dialogue about missionary care
  • Sponsor the missionary monthly- stay in touch with them- offer support from a distance
  • Sponsor a child/woman/staff member monthly (only through the organization; not as an individual)
  • If they have products they sell–help them find a market for it (Host jewelry parties, etc)
  • Volunteer from home (website design, grant writing, financial book keeping)
  • Make a commitment to volunteer long-term with them overseas (Ideally 6 months or longer; 1-2 year commitment preferred)
  • Send over gifts for the missionary or needed items (especially around the holidays)
  • Stay updated on when they will furlough and offer your home, your car, your babysitting skills and talk to your church about them speaking (most missionaries are usually broke- find fun ways to bless them)

Helpful follow up reading:

Standards of Excellence in Short Term Missions
Toxic Charity
Helping without Hurting– The Short Term Missions Leader Guide
Missionary Care

Would love to hear your comments on how we can do short term missions better!

Related Posts

When God is Silent
When Love Covers Death
What Six Years Has Taught Me
  • Matt Naylor

    Great job Sarita! Thanks for taking the bull by the horns. One of the simplest, and often most remembered things I drill into teams is that they’ve entered a fishbowl not a zoo. They are not there to dehumanize through taking pictures of ‘funny’ things or pointing out the conditions of ‘those poor people’ but have entered into the microcosm of the missionary life, where we who remain are the ever scrutinized and evaluated gold fish. That our own actions and those of visiting teams are subject of community conversation and judgements that have little long term impact on the teams but huge impact – positive or negative – on the missionaries and local leadership who remain.

    • Sarita Hartz Hendricksen

      Thanks Matt! It’s so wonderful to have people like you out there who are really preparing teams to serve from the right mind-set!

  • William Warrington

    Wow…this is a much needed article. You address a lot of perennate issues and precautions. I have been led to support with encouragement, prayer, financially support, etc; because I can not justify the cost and being a burden to the Children’s home we support. God knows your heart Sarita…and I appreciate your honest views which you get across with your special personality and love for missions that God has blessed you with.

    • Sarita Hartz Hendricksen

      Thanks so much William! It’s so wonderful to have people like you really thinking and praying through these issues.

  • Ray2jcj

    This is right on point, Sarita! You’ve detailed many of the same ideas / issues that we communicate to the teams coming to serve in Costa Rica. Much of this is addressed in the information packets that we send the teams months ahead of them coming. This really gets the team in the right frame of mind and allows them time to hash out any preconceived notions they might have about being on mission. Thank you for the article.

  • Sarita Hartz Hendricksen

    Thanks Ray! Definitely share with your missions community of you think it will help!

  • Chez

    There is a lot of truth in this. However, I’m curious as to why the cross has been left out? Christ’s followers were called to share the gospel. Wouldn’t that be one of the most effective short term mission strategies? Then the missionary could disciple new followers.

    • Matt Naylor

      Thanks for bringing it back around to Christ and the cross. Your question seems to make a few rather dangerous assumptions.

      1. The missionary or organization has the capacity to disciple more believers than they already are.

      2. A short term team can effectively communicate the gospel cross-culturally.

      3. Sharing the gospel is a matter of words alone (rather than word and deed).

      Forgive me if I’m wrong in what I read into your comment, but I’ve seen those assumptions at work in short term teams and the reality is that they are are often if not always false and here’s a little bit on why:

      1. Missionaries may be at capacity and not able to take on more disciples, and that’s ok. Jesus only had twelve disciples who were of the same culture as he was, plus he was the Son of God. I think it’s ok if a missionary is maxed out with less than that, especially if they are involved in a pioneering work. Ask if they can handle more converts.

      2. Cross-cultural communication of the gospel is not an easy thing – and many short term teams don’t have the cultural savvy to do this effectively. In fact they may leave people believing they were saved when, in fact they have not actually placed their faith in Christ. Ask how to best communicate the gospel in their context, and if it is possible to do so as a short term volunteer.

      3. It could be that the most effective gospel sharing a short term group would be in deed rather than word – especially if they don’t speak the language or know the culture. Ask what you can do to help the work of gospel proclamation, even if it means providing childcare so the missionary can go to a conference to gain better skills to communicate the gospel themselves, or building a well so the missionary can have more time with the women of a village who will gather there, as well as save hours of walking each day.

      So what it really comes down to is this: Get to know your missionary, their work and context, then come and serve what Christ is already doing by submitting to those who are in it day after day. If your passion and vision for short-term service don’t line up with their actual need – go serve somewhere else. Who knows, it could be that a missionary or organization may want you to come and put on an open air meeting because they have the capacity to disciple a high number of new converts and see that as an effective outreach method, but if they don’t, then that would be a very poor strategy for your short term team.

      • Sarita Hartz Hendricksen

        You stole the words right out of my mouth Matt! Well done. Evangelism should always look like love and the ministry on the ground should be able to disciple and sustain what had been started. If they can’t then we are just creating a mile wide, inch deep Christianity and Africa especially already has enough of that

      • vbscript2

        My experiences ‘in the field’ have been in areas where there are already established churches with local ministers, so having ‘too many’ converts was definitely not a problem, though I can certainly understand how overloading the long-term missionaries could be a problem in areas where there aren’t already established churches with ministers who can do the discipling without the long-term missionaries having to do it all themselves.

        At any rate, I just wanted to add that, at least in some cultures, the opportunity of “Hey, what’s that 6′ tall white guy doing here” shouldn’t be underestimated. At least in many situations, the locals will be just as curious of the visiting short-term missionaries as the short-term missionaries are of them. That curiosity can open doors (and, in my experience, it has done so.) Of course, for this to be effective, much of the advice from the article above needs to be followed, especially with regards to not having ‘white savior’ syndrome and being condescending or paternalistic. Treating them as equals, trying to get to know them, and showing them that you genuinely care about them (which, of course, requires that you actually do genuinely care about them, rather than looking for a photo op,) on the other hand, can having long-lasting effects. Is this going to lead to people immediately coming to Christ? Perhaps sometimes, but usually not. But what it can do (and, again, in my experience has done) is, to use Paul’s analogy, plant seeds that others can water and God will provide the increase. Just seeing that Christians care about them does open doors with people.

        I do completely agree, though, that building relationships with the people on the ground (both the long-term missionaries and the local church leaders) and finding out how you can support them in the long term is probably the most important thing that short-term missions can do.

        • Sarita Hartz Hendricksen

          Thanks for sharing! That is a really good perspective to consider as well especially in remote regions where being “white” could open doors with the local population. I definitely agree that some of us plant and some of us water, I think I’m just trying to open up a conversation around how we can do this more ethically and more sustainably. Because I think when Christ sent out the 72 he was looking for disciples not just converts. But we shouldn’t ever underestimate the simple power of God’s word being shared and the power of love being shared through simply caring

      • dorothypearce

        Great answer, Matt. I saw many short term groups come with the determination to share the gospel and save souls. The nationals knew the scoop: the same people got saved over and over again to got all the goodies the mission groups brought.

  • Great read. I wonder how many long term missionaries are reading this and nodding in agreement or disagreeing whole-heartedly.

    • Sarita Hartz Hendricksen

      Wayne, would love to hear your thoughts on that. This is about opening up a dialogue and finding a better way to do missions. I’ve head several friends who are missionary kids who really agreed, but if you have a different perspective it would be good to hear! 😉 maybe share with some of your long term missionary friends and we can hear what they have to say.

    • Dave Hessler

      I guess I’m one of those and I’m nodding my head in agreement. She did a great job in talking about the elephant in the room.

    • Liz Schandorff

      Definitely nodding my head in agreement, and wondering if I have the courage to post this on my Facebook page. Afraid it will sound selfish but feel it is right on!

      • Sarita Hartz Hendricksen

        I feel you Liz. I was afraid to right this as well, but truth and authenticity is so important. Be brave! :)

      • Nadja

        I was just wondering about the very same thing …
        and decided I will post it, cause it describes in a very clear way what I shyly and yes, somewhat fear-of-man(supporters)-ful tried to communicate in the past. Thank you so much, Sarita for putting it into words for people like me who struggle with that!

        • Sarita Hartz Hendricksen

          Thanks so much for your comments Nadja and for having the bravery to start this discussion in your own community!

  • D in CA

    I am a long-term missionary in Central Asia and have worked with numerous short-term groups over the years.

    The most important thing is for short-term teams to ask those on the field what needs they can best fulfill and be willing to do that. At the same time, long-term folks need to be considerate and realize that short-term people are also coming with various gifts, strengths and weaknesses. The long-termers need to take look at those things and see how best the short term team can be used.

    Also, it is important to gauge the situation of the long term folks. How far along are they in language and culture study? Are they okay serving short-term folks who are really just being tourists? Do they really just want “hard core” short termers who are willing to get kicked out for doing mass distribution in places where it is illegal?

    Generally, I think that both long term workers and local churches in America have come a long way over the past decade of seeking to work together and be more intentional in short term missions. In my opinion, short term missions have become more and more important to the long term work and results. Short term folks can do a lot of things that long termers can’t and provide the manpower to accomplish many projects that we can not do alone.

    • Sarita Hartz Hendricksen

      I definitely agree! Thanks for sharing your comments!

  • Hallie Odell

    One of the most rewarding short-term missions trips I’ve been on was a family trip to Haiti. We were scheduled to work in a malnutrition center (the iconic images of playing with little children come to mind), but there were serious riots and we were stuck inside for four days. In that time we were able to get to know the missionary family that was hosting us, and we were able to help them with housework they had been behind on and just give them community.
    At the time I was so antsy to be out ‘in the field’ again, but as we neared the end of the trip I realized that our time with the missionary families was a HUGE DEAL to them and the work they were doing, as they later told us that having us there to help them with their home life helped refresh them for their missionary work. It wasn’t the ‘glamorous’ mission work we had in mind but somehow God took our plans and made them his and we knew we were in the right place at the right time.
    I love this article because from the standpoint of a short-term missionary I can see how this kind of service is better than anything we could think up! Thank you for writing this!

    • Sarita Hartz Hendricksen

      So true! Thanks for reading Hallie!

  • seth_barnes

    Good article, Sarita. Are you familiar with http://soe.org/ ? It exists to ensure that STMs are done with quality.

    • Sarita Hartz Hendricksen

      Thanks Seth for sharing that. I’ll definitely look into them. I’m building up my resource list. What have you found helpful about their programs and how do they approach it? :)

      • seth_barnes

        It’s not a program per se. It’s an association of STM agencies and churches that came together for the purpose of advocating for excellence in short-term missions. I helped get it going in 1996.

  • dorothypearce

    This is the best article I have read so far about short term missions. As you say, they can be wonderful but they can also be draining. Add to your list of useful skills house maintenance: most of our visitors wanted to do glamorous things that would change the world, leaving me to paint, clean house, search for someone to repair broken things, deep clean, etc. after they were long gone and I was exhausted. Some asked whether repairing the orphanage was cost effective. After all, the landlord might benefit. The best advice you give is to listen to the Holy Spirit. Go with a servant’s heart, not looking for glory. Thank you for your honesty.

  • susan

    Thanks for this article Sarita, I will be sharing it with our long term Global workers.

  • Rachel

    “There is a widening disconnect between what churches and teams think are necessary or helpful, and what actually provides long term sustainable impact for missionaries and nations.”

    So good! I went on my first short-term mission trip when I was in middle school. Today, I am very “on the fence” about short terms missions trips. I feel like it’s hard to talk about these issues, because ministries are usually very well-meaning.

    Everything you wrote is so helpful. I have so much to learn on this topic. Here are a couple other articles that have been helpful resources for me as well:

    https://nicaraguamissionsmadness.wordpress.com/2017/03/23/economics-101-supporting-instead-of-crippling-local-business/

    http://archives.relevantmagazine.com/reject-apathy/things-no-one-tells-you-about-going-short-term-mission-trips